Macedonian Cross

Several Christian crosses have interweaving arms, but they are usually curved as seen for example, in the Carolingian Cross. The Macedonian Cross differs in that its arms are straight.

Macedonian Cross

Macedonian Cross
Veljusa Cross
Photo by Rašo
(Click photo to enlarge)

Medallion photo ©
(Click photo to enlarge)

This pattern can be seen decorating several churches and monasteries in the Republic of Macedonia, such as the Veljusa Cross on a wall of the Veljusa Monastery near Strumica (photo, right).

Its ubiquitousness has earned its place on table medals awarded by the Macedonian Orthodox Church. (See also the huge Millennium Cross erected by the Church.)

The cross itself has four equal-length arms, which are budded and interlocking like the Carolingian Cross, representing the everlasting love of God.

The central square can represent the four corners of the world, to which the Gospel must be proclaimed. 

Republic of Macedonia flag

The cross on the Republic of Macedonia's flag is very different in style, but can be considered similar in meaning.

The red and yellow colours of the socialist-era star are retained, which has parallels with an interpretation of the Celtic Cross (of Christianity replacing Paganism).

The predecessor of today's flag contentiously used the Vergina Sun symbol. This is an ancient Greek pagan symbol so once more, the current eight-rayed cross can be interpreted as being the light of Christ's triumph over paganism.

It has to be said, however, that the present design is not supposed to be a cross. The Republic of Macedonia is, after all, a secular state. The symbol is officially described as a sun, and a sun is a star.

Macedonian Football Federation

Yet like all symbols, the interpretation is subjective. We can see it as a slimmed version of the pagan Vergina Sun; an alternative socialist star; the shining Glory of Christ...

...or as the badge of FYR Macedonia, contenders to qualify for the World Cup and European Championship.


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