1 Factum est autem post haec, ut moreretur rex filiorum Ammon, et regnaret Hanon filius eius pro eo.
2 Dixitque David: "Faciam misericordiam cum Hanon filio Naas, sicut fecit pater eius mecum misericordiam". Misit ergo David consolans eum per servos suos super patris interitu. Cum autem venissent servi David in terram filiorum Ammon,
3 dixerunt principes filiorum Ammon ad Hanon dominum suum: "Putas quod propter honorem patris tui David miserit ad te consolatores; et non ideo, ut investigaret et exploraret civitatem et everteret eam, misit David servos suos ad te?".
4 Tulit itaque Hanon servos David rasitque dimidiam partem barbae eorum et praecidit vestes eorum medias usque ad nates et dimisit eos.
5 Quod cum nuntiatum esset David, misit in occursum eorum - erant enim viri confusi turpiter valde - et mandavit eis David: "Manete Iericho, donec crescat barba vestra, et tunc revertimini".
6 Videntes autem filii Ammon quod exosos se fecissent David, miserunt et conduxerunt mercede a Syria Bethrohob et a Syria Soba viginti milia peditum et a rege Maacha mille viros et a viris Tob duodecim milia virorum.
7 Quod cum audisset David, misit Ioab et omnem exercitum, viros fortissimos.
8 Egressi sunt ergo filii Ammon et direxerunt aciem ante ipsum introitum portae; Syri autem Soba et Rohob et viri Tob et Maacha seorsum erant in campo.
9 Videns igitur Ioab quod praeparatum esset adversum se proelium et ex adverso et post tergum, elegit ex omnibus electis Israel et instruxit aciem contra Syros;
10 reliquam autem partem populi tradidit Abisai fratri suo, qui direxit aciem adversus filios Ammon.
11 Et ait Ioab: "Si praevaluerint adversum me Syri, eris mihi in adiutorium; si autem filii Ammon praevaluerint adversum te, auxiliabor tibi.
12 Esto vir fortis, et fortiter agamus pro populo nostro et civitatibus Dei nostri; Dominus autem faciet, quod bonum est in conspectu suo".
13 Iniit itaque Ioab et populus, qui erat cum eo, certamen contra Syros, qui fugerunt a facie eius.
14 Filii autem Ammon videntes quod fugissent Syri, fugerunt et ipsi a facie Abisai et ingressi sunt civitatem. Reversusque est Ioab a filiis Ammon et venit Ierusalem.
15 Videntes igitur Syri quoniam corruissent coram Israel, congregati sunt pariter.
16 Misitque Adadezer et eduxit Syros, qui erant trans fluvium, et venerunt in Elam; Sobach autem magister militiae Adadezer erat princeps eorum.
17 Quod cum nuntiatum esset David, contraxit omnem Israelem et transivit Iordanem venitque in Elam. Et direxerunt aciem Syri ex adverso David et pugnaverunt contra eum.
18 Fugeruntque Syri a facie Israel; et occidit David de Syris septingentos currus et quadraginta milia peditum et Sobach principem militiae percussit, qui ibi mortuus est.
19 Videntes autem universi reges, qui erant in praesidio Adadezer, se victos esse ab Israel, fecerunt pacem cum Israel et servierunt eis. Timueruntque Syri auxilium praebere ultra filiis Ammon.
King James Version
1 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.
2 Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.
3 And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?
4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.
5 When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.
6 ¶ And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Beth-rehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ish-tob twelve thousand men.
7 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.
8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ish-tob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.
9 When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:
10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.
11 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee.
12 Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.
13 And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.
14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
15 ¶ And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.
16 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.
17 And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.
18 And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.
19 And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.