1 Congregantes vero Phili sthim agmina sua in proe lium, convenerunt in Socho Iudae et castrametati sunt inter Socho et Azeca in Aphesdommim.
2 Porro Saul et viri Israel congregati venerunt in vallem Terebinthi et instruxerunt aciem ad pugnandum contra Philisthim.
3 Et Philisthim stabant super montem ex hac parte, et Israel stabat super montem ex altera parte; vallisque erat inter eos.
4 Et egressus est vir propugnator de castris Philisthinorum nomine Goliath de Geth altitudinis sex cubitorum et palmi.
5 Et cassis aerea super caput eius, et lorica squamata induebatur; porro pondus loricae eius quinque milia siclorum aeris.
6 Et ocreas aereas habebat in cruribus, et acinaces aereus erat inter umeros eius.
7 Hastile autem hastae eius erat quasi liciatorium texentium, ipsum autem ferrum hastae eius sescentos siclos habebat ferri; et armiger eius antecedebat eum.
8 Stansque clamabat adversum agmina Israel et dicebat eis: "Quare venitis parati ad proelium? Numquid ego non sum Philisthaeus, et vos servi Saul? Eligite ex vobis virum, et descendat ad singulare certamen!
9 Si quiverit pugnare mecum et percusserit me, erimus vobis servi; si autem ego praevaluero et percussero eum, vos servi eritis et servietis nobis".
10 Et aiebat Philisthaeus: "Ego exprobravi agminibus Israel hodie: Date mihi virum, et ineat mecum singulare certamen!".
11 Audiens autem Saul et omnes Israelitae sermones Philisthaei huiuscemodi stupebant et metuebant nimis.
12 David autem erat filius viri Ephrathaei, de quo supra dictum est, de Bethlehem Iudae, cui erat nomen Isai; qui habebat octo filios et erat vir in diebus Saul senex et grandaevus inter viros.
13 Abierunt autem tres filii eius maiores post Saul in proelium; et nomina trium filiorum eius, qui perrexerant ad bellum: Eliab primogenitus et secundus Abinadab tertiusque Samma.
14 David autem erat minimus; tribus ergo maioribus secutis Saulem,
15 ibat David et revertebatur a Saul, ut pasceret gregem patris sui in Bethlehem.
16 Procedebat vero Philisthaeus mane et vespere et stabat quadraginta diebus.
17 Dixit autem Isai ad David filium suum: "Accipe fratribus tuis ephi frumenti tosti et decem panes istos et curre in castra ad fratres tuos.
18 Et decem formellas casei has deferes ad tribunum, et fratres tuos visitabis, si recte agant; et pignus ab eis referes".
19 Saul autem et illi et omnes filii Israel in valle Terebinthi pugnabant adversum Philisthim.
20 Surrexit itaque David mane et commendavit gregem custodi et onustus abiit, sicut praeceperat ei Isai. Et venit ad carraginem, dum exercitus egrediebatur ad pugnam et vociferabatur in certamine.
21 Direxerunt ergo Israel et Philisthim aciem adversus aciem.
22 Derelinquens autem David vasa, quae attulerat, sub manu custodis ad sarcinas, cucurrit ad locum certaminis et interrogabat, si omnia recte agerentur erga fratres suos.
23 Cumque adhuc ille loqueretur eis, apparuit vir ille propugnator ascendens, Goliath nomine, Philisthaeus de Geth, ex castris Philisthinorum; et loquente eo haec eadem verba, audivit David.
24 Omnes autem Israelitae, cum vidissent virum, fugerunt a facie eius timentes eum valde.
25 Et dixit unus quispiam de Israel: "Num vidistis virum hunc, qui ascendit? Ad exprobrandum enim Israeli ascendit. Virum ergo, qui percusserit eum, ditabit rex divitiis magnis et filiam suam dabit ei; et domum patris eius faciet absque tributo in Israel".
26 Et ait David ad viros, qui stabant secum, dicens: "Quid dabitur viro, qui percusserit Philisthaeum hunc et tulerit opprobrium de Israel? Quis est enim hic Philisthaeus incircumcisus, qui exprobravit acies Dei viventis?".
27 Referebat autem ei populus eundem sermonem dicens: "Haec dabuntur viro, qui percusserit eum".
28 Quod cum audisset Eliab frater eius maior, loquente eo cum aliis, iratus est contra David et ait: "Quare venisti et cui dereliquisti pauculas oves illas in deserto? Ego novi superbiam tuam et nequitiam cordis tui, quia ut videres proelium descendisti".
29 Et dixit David: "Quid feci? Numquid non verbum est?".
30 Et declinavit paululum ab eo ad alium dixitque eundem sermonem; et respondit ei populus verbum sicut prius.
31 Audita sunt autem verba, quae locutus est David, et annuntiata in conspectu Saul.
32 Ad quem cum fuisset adductus, locutus est ei: "Non concidat cor cuiusquam in eo; ego servus tuus vadam et pugnabo adversus Philisthaeum istum".
33 Et ait Saul ad David: "Non vales resistere Philisthaeo isti nec pugnare adversus eum, quia puer es; hic autem vir bellator ab adulescentia sua".
34 Dixitque David ad Saul: "Pascebat servus tuus patris sui gregem, et veniebat leo vel ursus tollebatque arietem de medio gregis.
35 Et sequebar eos et percutiebam eruebamque de ore eorum; et illi consurgebant adversum me, et apprehendebam mentum eorum et percutiebam interficiebamque eos.
36 Nam et leonem et ursum interfecit servus tuus; erit igitur et Philisthaeus hic incircumcisus quasi unus ex eis, quia ausus est maledicere exercitum Dei viventis".
37 Et ait David: "Dominus, qui eruit me de manu leonis et de manu ursi, ipse liberabit me de manu Philisthaei huius". Dixit autem Saul ad David: "Vade, et Dominus tecum sit".
38 Et induit Saul David vestimentis suis et imposuit galeam aeream super caput eius et vestivit eum lorica.
39 Accinctus ergo David gladio eius super vestem suam coepit tentare, si armatus posset incedere; non enim habebat consuetudinem. Dixitque David ad Saul: "Non possum sic incedere, quia nec usum habeo". Et deposuit ea
40 et tulit baculum suum in manu sua; et elegit sibi quinque levissimos lapides de torrente et misit eos in peram pastoralem, qua ut sacculo lapidum utebatur, et fundam manu tulit et processit adversum Philisthaeum.
41 Ibat autem Philisthaeus incedens et appropinquans adversum David, et armiger eius ante eum.
42 Cumque inspexisset Philisthaeus et vidisset David, despexit eum; erat enim adulescens rufus et pulcher aspectu.
43 Et dixit Philisthaeus ad David: "Numquid ego canis sum, quod tu venis ad me cum baculo?". Et maledixit Philisthaeus David in diis suis;
44 dixitque ad David: "Veni ad me, et dabo carnes tuas volatilibus caeli et bestiis terrae".
45 Dixit autem David ad Philisthaeum: "Tu venis ad me cum gladio et hasta et acinace; ego autem venio ad te in nomine Domini exercituum, Dei agminum Israel, quibus exprobrasti.
46 Hodie dabit te Dominus in manu mea, et percutiam te et auferam caput tuum a te; et dabo cadaver tuum et cadavera castrorum Philisthim hodie volatilibus caeli et bestiis terrae, ut sciat omnis terra quia est Deus in Israel,
47 et noverit universa ecclesia haec quia non in gladio nec in hasta salvat Dominus: ipsius enim est bellum, et tradet vos in manus nostras".
48 Cum ergo surrexisset Philisthaeus et veniret et appropinquaret contra David, festinavit David et cucurrit ad pugnam adversum Philisthaeum.
49 Et misit manum suam in peram tulitque unum lapidem et funda iecit; et percussit Philisthaeum in fronte, et infixus est lapis in fronte eius, et cecidit in faciem suam super terram.
50 Praevaluitque David adversum Philisthaeum in funda et in lapide; percussumque Philisthaeum interfecit. Cumque gladium non haberet in manu, David
51 cucurrit et stetit super Philisthaeum; et tulit gladium eius et eduxit eum de vagina sua et interfecit eum praeciditque caput eius. Videntes autem Philisthim quod mortuus esset fortissimus eorum fugerunt.
52 Et consurgentes viri Israel et Iudae vociferati sunt et persecuti Philisthaeos usque dum venirent ad Geth et usque ad portas Accaron. Cecideruntque vulnerati de Philisthim in via a Saarim usque ad Geth et usque ad Accaron.
53 Et revertentes filii Israel, postquam persecuti fuerant Philisthaeos, praedati sunt castra eorum.
54 Assumens autem David caput Philisthaei attulit illud in Ierusalem; arma vero eius posuit in tabernaculo.
55 Eo autem tempore, quo viderat Saul David egredientem contra Philisthaeum, ait ad Abner principem militiae: "De qua stirpe descendit hic adulescens, Abner?". Dixitque Abner: "Vivit anima tua, rex, quia non novi".
56 Et ait rex: "Interroga tu, cuius filius sit iste puer".
57 Cumque regressus esset David, percusso Philisthaeo, tulit eum Abner et introduxit coram Saul caput Philisthaei habentem in manu.
58 Et ait ad eum Saul: "De qua progenie es, o adulescens?". Dixitque David: "Filius servi tui Isai Bethlehemitae ego sum".
King James Version
1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.
2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
4 ¶ And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.
7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.
8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.
9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
12 ¶ Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehem-judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul.
15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Beth-lehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren;
18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 ¶ And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren.
23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.
24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.
25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
28 ¶ And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
30 ¶ And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.
31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.
32 ¶ And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.
38 ¶ And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.
41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.
43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD'S, and he will give you into our hands.
48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.
52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
55 ¶ And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.
57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Beth-lehemite.