1 Et accidit quadam die, ut diceret Ionathan filius Saul ad adulescentem armigerum suum: "Veni, et transeamus ad stationem Philisthim, quae est ibi ex adverso". Patri autem suo hoc ipsum non indicavit.
2 Porro Saul morabatur in extrema parte Gabaa sub malogranato, quae erat in Magron; et erat populus cum eo quasi sescentorum virorum.
3 Et Ahias filius Achitob fratris Ichabod filii Phinees, qui ortus fuerat ex Heli sacerdote Domini in Silo, portabat ephod. Sed et populus ignorabat quod isset Ionathan.
4 Erant autem inter ascensus, per quos nitebatur Ionathan transire ad stationem Philisthinorum, dens rupis hinc ex una parte et dens rupis illinc ex altera parte: nomen uni Boses et nomen alteri Sene;
5 unus scopulus prominens ad aquilonem ex adverso Machmas et alter a meridie contra Gabaa.
6 Dixit autem Ionathan ad adulescentem armigerum suum: "Veni, transeamus ad stationem incircumcisorum horum, si forte faciat Dominus pro nobis; quia non est Domino difficile salvare vel in multitudine vel in paucis".
7 Dixitque ei armiger suus: "Fac omnia, quae placent animo tuo. Perge quo cupis; ego ero tecum ubicumque volueris".
8 Et ait Ionathan: "Ecce nos transimus ad viros istos. Cumque apparuerimus eis,
9 si taliter locuti fuerint ad nos: "Manete, donec veniamus ad vos", stemus in loco nostro nec ascendamus ad eos.
10 Si autem dixerint: "Ascendite ad nos", ascendamus, quia tradidit eos Dominus in manibus nostris; hoc erit nobis signum".
11 Apparuit igitur uterque stationi Philisthinorum. Dixeruntque Philisthim: "En Hebraei egrediuntur de cavernis, in quibus absconditi fuerant".
12 Et locuti sunt viri de statione ad Ionathan et ad armigerum eius dixeruntque: "Ascendite ad nos, et ostendimus vobis rem". Et ait Ionathan ad armigerum suum: "Ascendamus; sequere me, tradidit enim eos Dominus in manu Israel".
13 Ascendit autem Ionathan reptans manibus et pedibus et armiger eius post eum; Philisthim cadebant ante Ionathan, et eos armiger eius interficiebat sequens eum.
14 Et facta est plaga prima, qua percussit Ionathan et armiger eius quasi viginti viros in media fere parte iugeri.
15 Et factus est terror in castris per agros; sed et omnis populus stationis eorum et, qui ierant ad praedandum, obstupuerunt; et conturbata est terra, et factus est terror a Deo.
16 Et respexerunt speculatores Saul, qui erant in Gabaa Beniamin; et ecce multitudo fluctuabat huc illucque diffugiens.
17 Et ait Saul populo, qui erat cum eo: "Requirite et videte quis abierit ex nobis". Cumque requisissent, repertum est non adesse Ionathan et armigerum eius.
18 Et ait Saul ad Ahiam: "Applica ephod". Ipse enim portabat ephod in die illa in conspectu filiorum Israel.
19 Cumque loqueretur Saul ad sacerdotem, tumultus maior fiebat in castris Philisthinorum, crescebatque paulatim et clarius reboabat. Et ait Saul ad sacerdotem: "Contrahe manum tuam".
20 Congregati ergo sunt Saul et omnis populus, qui erat cum eo, et venerunt usque ad locum certaminis. Et ecce versus fuerat gladius uniuscuiusque ad proximum suum: perturbatio magna nimis.
21 Sed et Hebraei, qui fuerant cum Philisthim heri et nudiustertius ascenderantque cum eis in castris, reversi sunt et ipsi, ut essent cum Israel, qui erant cum Saul et Ionathan.
22 Omnes quoque Israelitae, qui se absconderant in monte Ephraim, audientes quod fugissent Philisthim, sociaverunt se et ipsi cum suis in proelio.
23 Et salvavit Dominus in die illa Israel; pugna autem pervenit ultra Bethaven.
24 Et viri Israel comprimebant se in die illa. Adiuravit autem Saul populum dicens: "Maledictus vir, qui comederit panem usque ad vesperam, donec ulciscar de inimicis meis!". Et non manducavit universus populus panem.
25 Omneque terrae vulgus venit in saltum, in quo erat mel super faciem agri.
26 Ingressus est itaque populus saltum, et apparuit fluens mel. Nullusque applicuit manum ad os suum; timebat enim populus iuramentum.
27 Porro Ionathan non audierat, cum adiuraret pater eius populum; extenditque summitatem virgae, quam habebat in manu, et intinxit in favo mellis et convertit manum suam ad os suum, et illuminati sunt oculi eius.
28 Respondensque unus de populo ait: "Iureiurando constrinxit pater tuus populum dicens: "Maledictus, qui comederit panem hodie!". Defecit autem populus".
29 Dixitque Ionathan: "Turbavit pater meus terram! Videte quia illuminati sunt oculi mei, eo quod gustaverim paululum de melle isto;
30 quanto magis si comedisset hodie populus de praeda inimicorum suorum, quam repperit? Nonne nunc maior facta fuisset plaga in Philisthim?".
31 Percusserunt ergo in die illa Philisthaeos a Machmis usque in Aialon; defatigatus est autem populus nimis.
32 Et versus ad praedam tulit oves et boves et vitulos; et mactaverunt in terra, comeditque populus cum sanguine.
33 Nuntiaverunt autem Saul dicentes: "Ecce populus peccat Domino comedens cum sanguine". Qui ait: "Praevaricati estis! Volvite ad me huc saxum grande".
34 Et dixit Saul: "Dispergimini in vulgus et dicite eis, ut adducat ad me unusquisque bovem suum et arietem, et occidite super istud et vescimini; et non peccabitis Domino comedentes cum sanguine". Adduxit itaque omnis populus, unusquisque quod erat in manu sua illa nocte, et occiderunt ibi.
35 Aedificavit autem Saul altare Domino. Tuncque primum coepit aedificare altare Domino.
36 Et dixit Saul: "Irruamus super Philisthim nocte et vastemus eos, usquedum illucescat mane; nec relinquamus de eis virum". Dixitque populus: "Omne, quod bonum videtur in oculis tuis, fac". Et ait sacerdos: "Accedamus huc ad Deum".
37 Et consuluit Saul Deum: "Num persequar Philisthim? Numquid trades eos in manu Israel?". Et non respondit ei in die illa.
38 Dixitque Saul: "Accedite huc, universi duces populi, et scitote et videte per quem acciderit peccatum hoc hodie.
39 Vivit Dominus, salvator Israel, quia si per Ionathan filium meum factum est, absque retractatione morietur". Ad quod nullus contradixit ei de omni populo.
40 Et ait ad universum Israel: "Separamini vos in partem unam, et ego cum Ionathan filio meo ero in parte altera". Respondit populus ad Saul: "Quod bonum videtur in oculis tuis, fac".
41 Et dixit Saul ad Dominum, Deum Israel: "Quid est quod non responderis servo tuo hodie? Si est in me aut in Ionathan filio meo iniquitas ista, Domine, Deus Israel, da Urim; sed, si est haec iniquitas in populo tuo Israel, da Tummim". Et deprehensus est Ionathan et Saul; populus autem salvus evasit.
42 Et ait Saul: "Mittite sortem inter me et inter Ionathan filium meum". Et captus est Ionathan.
43 Dixit autem Saul ad Ionathan: "Indica mihi quid feceris". Et indicavit ei Ionathan et ait: "Gustans gustavi in summitate virgae, quae erat in manu mea, paululum mellis et ecce ego morior".
44 Et ait Saul: "Haec faciat mihi Deus et haec addat, nisi morte morieris, Ionathan".
45 Dixitque populus ad Saul: "Ergone Ionathan morietur, qui fecit salutem hanc magnam in Israel? Hoc nefas est; vivit Dominus, quia non cadet capillus de capite eius in terram, quia cum Deo operatus est hodie". Liberavit ergo populus Ionathan, ut non moreretur.
46 Recessitque Saul nec persecutus est Philisthim; porro Philisthim abierunt in loca sua.
47 At Saul, confirmato regno super Israel, pugnabat per circuitum adversum omnes inimicos eius: contra Moab et filios Ammon et Edom et reges Soba et Philisthaeos; et, quocumque se verterat, superabat.
48 Fortiter egit et percussit Amalec et eruit Israel de manu vastatorum eius.
49 Fuerunt autem filii Saul Ionathan et Isui et Melchisua. Nomina duarum filiarum eius: nomen primogenitae Merob et nomen minoris Michol.
50 Et nomen uxoris Saul Achinoam filia Achimaas, et nomen principis militiae eius Abner filius Ner patrui Saul.
51 Porro Cis pater Saul et Ner pater Abner fuerunt filii Abiel.
52 Erat autem bellum potens adversum Philisthaeos omnibus diebus Saul; nam, quemcumque viderat Saul virum fortem et aptum ad proelium, sociabat eum sibi.
King James Version
1 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father.
2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men;
3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, I-chabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
4 ¶ And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.
6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few.
7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.
8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.
9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.
10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us.
11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.
12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath delivered them into the hand of Israel.
13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armourbearer slew after him.
14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.
15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.
17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.
18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
19 ¶ And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
20 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.
21 Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.
22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.
23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Beth-aven.
24 ¶ And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.
25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey upon the ground.
26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.
27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.
28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.
29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.
30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?
31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground: and the people did eat them with the blood.
33 ¶ Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day.
34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slew them there.
35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.
36 ¶ And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.
37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.
38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.
39 For, as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.
40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.
41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.
42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.
43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must die.
44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.
45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.
46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own place.
47 ¶ So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.
48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.
49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchi-shua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:
50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.
51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.
52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.