1 Filius annorum Saul, cum regnare coepisset; duobus au tem annis regnavit super Israel.
2 Et elegit sibi Saul tria milia de Israel: et erant cum Saul duo milia in Machmas et in monte Bethel, mille autem cum Ionathan in Gabaa Beniamin. Porro ceterum populum remisit unumquemque in tabernacula sua.
3 Et percussit Ionathan stationem Philisthinorum, quae erat in Gabaa. Quod audierunt Philisthim; Saul autem cecinit bucina in omni terra dicens: "Audiant Hebraei!".
4 Et universus Israel audivit huiuscemodi famam: "Percussit Saul stationem Philisthinorum; et factus est Israel odiosus Philisthim". Ergo populus congregatus est post Saul in Galgala.
5 Et Philisthim congregati sunt ad proeliandum contra Israel: tria milia curruum et sex milia equitum et reliquum vulgus plurimum sicut arena, quae est in litore maris. Et ascendentes castrametati sunt in Machmas ad orientem Bethaven.
6 Quod cum vidissent viri Israel se in arto sitos - afflictus est enim populus - absconderunt se in speluncis et in abditis, in petris quoque et in antris et in cisternis.
7 Hebraei autem transierunt Iordanem in terram Gad et Galaad. Cumque adhuc esset Saul in Galgalis, universus populus perterritus est, qui sequebatur eum.
8 Et exspectavit septem diebus iuxta placitum Samuel, et non venit Samuel in Galgala; dilapsusque est populus ab eo.
9 Ait ergo Saul: "Afferte mihi holocaustum et pacifica". Et obtulit holocaustum.
10 Cumque complesset offerens holocaustum, ecce Samuel veniebat; et egressus est Saul obviam ei, ut salutaret eum.
11 Locutusque est ad eum Samuel: "Quid fecisti?". Respondit Saul: "Quia vidi quod dilaberetur populus a me, et tu non veneras iuxta placitos dies, porro Philisthim congregati fuerant in Machmas,
12 dixi: Nunc descendent Philisthim ad me in Galgala, et faciem Domini non placavi. Necessitate compulsus obtuli holocaustum".
13 Dixitque Samuel ad Saul: "Stulte egisti. Utinam custodisses mandata Domini Dei tui, quae praecepit tibi! Profecto nunc confirmasset Dominus regnum tuum super Israel in sempiternum;
14 sed nequaquam regnum tuum ultra consurget. Quaesivit sibi Dominus virum iuxta cor suum; et constituit eum Dominus ducem super populum suum, eo quod non servaveris, quae praecepit Dominus".
15 Surrexit autem Samuel et ascendit de Galgalis et abiit per viam suam. Et reliquus populus ascendit post Saul obviam exercitui bellatorum. Et venerunt de Galgalis in Gabaa Beniamin. Et recensuit Saul populum, qui inventi fuerant cum eo, quasi sescentos viros.
16 Et Saul et Ionathan filius eius populusque, qui erat cum eis, erat in Gabaa Beniamin; porro Philisthim consederant in Machmas.
17 Et egressi sunt ad praedandum de castris Philisthinorum tres cunei: unus cuneus pergebat contra viam Ophra ad terram Sual,
18 porro alius ingrediebatur per viam Bethoron, tertius autem verterat se ad iter termini imminentis valli Seboim contra desertum.
19 Porro faber ferrarius non inveniebatur in omni terra Israel; caverant enim Philisthim, ne forte facerent Hebraei gladium aut lanceam.
20 Descendebat ergo omnis Israel ad Philisthim, ut exacueret unusquisque vomerem suum et ligonem et securim et falcem.
21 Pretium autem exacutionis erat: pro vomeribus et ligonibus duae partes sicli, et tertia pars sicli ad acuendas secures et ad stimulum corrigendum.
22 Cumque venisset dies proelii Machmas, non est inventus ensis et lancea in manu totius populi, qui erat cum Saul et cum Ionathan, excepto Saul et Ionathan filio eius.
23 Egressa est autem statio Philisthim ad fauces Machmas.
King James Version
1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Beth-el, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.
3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
4 And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.
5 ¶ And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Beth-aven.
6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.
7 And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
8 ¶ And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.
10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.
11 ¶ And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;
12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.
13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.
15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men.
16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
17 ¶ And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
18 And another company turned the way to Beth-horon: and another company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
19 ¶ Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:
20 But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.
21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.
23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.