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1 Kings



The first book of the Kings commonly called, the third book of the Kings, chapter 4, New English Translation and King James Version

Chapter 4

New English Translation


   Solomon's Royal Court and Administrators
   1 King Solomon ruled over all Israel. 2 These were his officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest.
   3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, wrote down what happened. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was in charge of the records.
   4 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was commander of the army. Zadok and Abiathar were priests.
   5 Azariah son of Nathan was supervisor of the district governors. Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king.
   6 Ahishar was supervisor of the palace. Adoniram son of Abda was supervisor of the work crews.
   7 Solomon had twelve district governors appointed throughout Israel who acquired supplies for the king and his palace. Each was responsible for one month in the year. 8 These were their names: Ben-Hur was in charge of the hill country of Ephraim.
   9 Ben-Deker was in charge of Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth Shemesh, and Elon Beth Hanan.
   10 Ben-Hesed was in charge of Arubboth; he controlled Socoh and all the territory of Hepher.
   11 Ben-Abinadab was in charge of Naphath Dor. (He was married to Solomon's daughter Taphath.)
   12 Baana son of Ahilud was in charge of Taanach and Megiddo, as well as all of Beth Shan next to Zarethan below Jezreel, from Beth Shan to Abel Meholah and on past Jokmeam.
   13 Ben-Geber was in charge of Ramoth Gilead; he controlled the tent villages of Jair son of Manasseh in Gilead, as well as the region of Argob in Bashan, including sixty large walled cities with bronze bars locking their gates.
   14 Ahinadab son of Iddo was in charge of Mahanaim.
   15 Ahimaaz was in charge of Naphtali. (He married Solomon's daughter Basemath.)
   16 Baana son of Hushai was in charge of Asher and Aloth.
   17 Jehoshaphat son of Paruah was in charge of Issachar.
   18 Shimei son of Ela was in charge of Benjamin.
   19 Geber son of Uri was in charge of the land of Gilead (the territory which had once belonged to King Sihon of the Amorites and to King Og of Bashan). He was sole governor of the area.
   Solomon's Wealth and Fame
   20 The people of Judah and Israel were as innumerable as the sand on the seashore; they had plenty to eat and drink and were happy. 21 (5:1) Solomon ruled all the kingdoms from the Euphrates River to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. These kingdoms paid tribute as Solomon's subjects throughout his lifetime. 22 Each day Solomon's royal court consumed thirty cors of finely milled flour, sixty cors of cereal, 23 ten calves fattened in the stall, twenty calves from the pasture, and a hundred sheep, not to mention rams, gazelles, deer, and well-fed birds. 24 His royal court was so large because he ruled over all the kingdoms west of the Euphrates River from Tiphsah to Gaza; he was at peace with all his neighbors. 25 All the people of Judah and Israel had security; everyone from Dan to Beer Sheba enjoyed the produce of their vines and fig trees throughout Solomon's lifetime. 26 Solomon had 4,000 stalls for his chariot horses and 12,000 horses. 27 The district governors acquired supplies for King Solomon and all who ate in his royal palace. Each was responsible for one month in the year; they made sure nothing was lacking. 28 Each one also brought to the assigned location his quota of barley and straw for the various horses.
   29 God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment; the breadth of his understanding was as infinite as the sand on the seashore. 30 Solomon was wiser than all the men of the east and all the sages of Egypt. 31 He was wiser than any man, including Ethan the Ezrahite or Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol. He was famous in all the neighboring nations. 32 He composed 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs. 33 He produced manuals on botany, describing every kind of plant, from the cedars of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows on walls. He also produced manuals on biology, describing animals, birds, insects, and fish. 34 People from all nations came to hear Solomon's display of wisdom; they came from all the kings of the earth who heard about his wisdom.

King James Version


   1 So king Solomon was king over all Israel.
   2 And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,
   3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.
   4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:
   5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:
   6 And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute.
   7 ¶ And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.
   8 And these are their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim:
   9 The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan:
   10 The son of Hesed, in Aruboth; to him pertained Sochoh, and all the land of Hepher:
   11 The son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; which had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife:
   12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth-shean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam:
   13 The son of Geber, in Ramoth-gilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars:
   14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo had Mahanaim:
   15 Ahimaaz was in Naphtali; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife:
   16 Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and in Aloth:
   17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar:
   18 Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin:
   19 Geber the son of Uri was in the country of Gilead, in the country of Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only officer which was in the land.
   20 ¶ Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.
   21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.
   22 ¶ And Solomon's provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal,
   23 Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl.
   24 For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.
   25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon.
   26 ¶ And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen.
   27 And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon's table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing.
   28 Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries brought they unto the place where the officers were, every man according to his charge.
   29 ¶ And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.
   30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt.
   31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
   32 And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.
   33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes.
   34 And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom.
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